This is the entity that lets you buy and sell investments for you. Usually, you pay a fee for this service.
is created by a licensed brokerage firm, that allows an investor to add funds and then the investor can place investment orders.
A bond is a fixed income investment in which an investor loans money typically corporate or governmental which borrows the funds for a defined period of time at a variable or fixed interest rate.
is a type of security that signifies ownership in a corporation and represents a claim on part of the corporation’s assets and earnings.
A mutual fund is a pooled portfolio. The fund itself holds the individual stocks, in the case of equity funds, or bonds, in the case of bond funds
is a mutual fund, that allows an individual to “invest” in an index, such as the S&P 500. Index funds are very similar to how mutual funds work, but typically have very low fees and are the better choice.
is a period where stock prices are falling.
A bull market when the market is moving in a positive direction and is expected to continue.
There are certainly a lot more investing terminology to understand, but these will start you off successfully and help you begin to understand the world of investments better. I recommend you start off with the above, then slowly expand your investing term knowledge as you feel comfortable.